SDG 14 - Life Below Water

Ilma University targeted the important SDG 14 Life Below Water through its research work in this category. There was energy-efficient research conducted to establish underwater sensor networks that took the lead in making it one of its kind. This much-appreciated publication was put under the category of W in the reputed journal.

SDG 16 Policies

Aim This policy is aimed at recognizing University’s commitment towards environment sustainability and minimizing the use of non-biodegradable plastic products on campus. Ilma University fulfills the corporate responsibility by employing the best practices related to the social and environmental well being of the society.

Purpose of Policy
Use of plastic products is becoming a serious threat to the global environment. There are different kind of plastic products being used including plastic bags, single-use plastic for food services and plastic bottles. Ilma University has the legacy of promoting environment friendly initiatives. Therefore, University under this policy commits to reduce the plastic usage to the minimum possible level.

Scope of Policy
The policy will be applied to all students, staff, 3rd party staff and faculty of the University. Policy will also be applied to all outsourced activities.

Policy Statement
Develop and implement an effective management plan to decrease the use and waste of plastic bags.
1. Encourage the use of biodegradable single-use plastic bags, recycled material, paper, or textiles as alternatives to single-use plastic bags.
2. Encourage use of non-disposable products.
3. Encourage new approaches to recycle plastic trash.
4. Encourage community-based efforts to reduce plastic waste in the environment.
5. In order to ensure that this policy is implemented successfully, the administration department must develop effective indicators to track and measure the reduction of plastic usage.
6. Developed indicators must be recorded and assessed on monthly basis.
7. Whenever possible, follow this policy in procurement activities as well.
8. A comprehensive report on the initiatives taken, policy implementations and its impact will be presented to the senior management at the end of every year.

Definitions
single-use plastic: Its includes all products that are made wholly or partly of plastic and are typically intended to be used just once and/or for a short period of time before being disposed off.
Biodegradable plastics: that can be decomposed by the action of living organisms, usually microbes, into water, carbon dioxide, and biomass. 

Projects and Events

Every year, summers get hotter and more abrasive. The university are increasingly thinking of animals and birds who do not have access to the luxury of tank/tap water when temperatures reach to nearly 40 degrees across cities. So we aim to provide water to the birds.

Students of the ILMA University displayed specially made bird feeders and water bowls for birds in an effort to raise awareness about wildlife and birds. There are about 15 models of bird feeders fashioned out of bamboo, coconut shells, and other discarded materials together with grains and water bowls put in various locations throughout the campus. Additionally, they are sharing this kind deed with others in their communities so that the majority of people might carry out the same action in their houses to quench the thirst of these birds.

Water shortage is one of the critical issues Pakistan is facing. Moreover, the situation of melting glaciers due to Climate change is also threatening and leading the country towards further shortage of water. Ilma University is playing its role in contributing to the water conservation initiatives by educating the community to reduce the consumption.

Ilma University had already conducted various on-campus and off-campus educational workshops but this campaign was launched to spread the awareness in underprivileged areas. For this campaign, 3 teams of 6 students each led by 2 faculty members went into the underprivileged areas of Karachi to educate them about water crisis, its impact on society and steps that can be taken to conserve water.

Teams visited mosques and parks of these areas to spread the awareness among the community members. Members visited the selected spots once a week for a month. They communicated to the people in mosques and parks to educate them about the water scarcity and measure that can be taken at individual level to conserve the water and distributed the fliers made in Urdu language.

Global warming and extreme weather conditions such as tropical cyclones, heavy rain with flooding, and prolonged dry spells have risen in recent years. In this context, it is crucial to recognise that human influence is mostly to blame for these fast fluctuations in weather patterns, which may be pushing the earth's climate towards a point of no return, after which the negative consequences of climate change may become irreversible. This alarming revelation has prompted a sense urgency throughout the world to develop adequate systems, plans, and ways to tackle the issue. Therefore, Ilma has taken different initiatives to contribute to the efforts being to curb the climate change.

The current focus of the global response to the climate crisis is on development and implementation of mitigation and adaptation methods. Mitigation refers to the initiatives that can be taken to decrease the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Adaptation is about being prepared for climate change, and respond to both present, and expected future consequences of climate change.

Nearly three-quarters of the world's urban population now lives in developing nations that account for more than 90% of global urban population increase. Karachi, a mega city of Pakistan and the capital of Sindh province, is now country’s commercial hub. It generates 30% of Pakistan's industrial production and accounts for 95% of Pakistan's international trade (ADB, 2006a). City is experiencing various climate change effects including urban flooding and rising temperature.

Ilma University has developed shared action plans in collaboration with cantonment board of Karachi to take steps against the possible causes of climate change. These initiatives include plantation drives in different parts of the city, workshops and seminars for the awareness of the society individuals. Ilma has conducted an awareness workshop in which experts were invited to educate the audience about the ways they can contribute to protection against climate change.